Obesity: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment !

Mar 16, 2023 | REVIEWS | 0 comments

Overweight and obesity are both medical conditions that are defined by excess body weight. However, they are different in terms of the amount of excess weight and the health risks associated with each condition.

Overweight is defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9, while obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30 or higher. Both conditions are caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors such as overeating, lack of physical activity, genetics, and certain medical conditions.

While both conditions increase the risk of various health problems, obesity is generally associated with a higher risk of health complications such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, sleep apnea, and certain types of cancer, compared to being overweight.

Managing overweight and obesity typically involves lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, regular exercise, and behavioral therapy. In some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to manage these conditions. It’s important to seek medical advice from a healthcare professional if you are concerned about your weight or experiencing health problems related to excess weight.


Overweight and obesity are conditions that are diagnosed based on a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI), which is calculated using their height and weight. However, there may be some signs and symptoms that suggest a person is overweight or obese. These may include:

  1. Increased body weight: People who are overweight or obese tend to have a higher body weight than those who are within a healthy weight range.
  2. Difficulty with physical activity: Carrying excess weight can make it more difficult to perform physical activities such as climbing stairs or walking for long distances.
  3. Breathlessness: People who are overweight or obese may feel out of breath or have difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity.
  4. Excessive sweating: Carrying excess weight can cause the body to work harder, which can lead to increased sweating.
  5. Joint pain: The extra weight can put additional pressure on the joints, which can cause pain, especially in the knees, hips, and ankles.
  6. Fatigue: People who are overweight or obese may experience fatigue due to the additional strain on the body.
  7. Sleep problems: Obesity is associated with sleep apnea, which is a condition that causes breathing problems during sleep.
  8. Reduced sex drive: also known as low libido, can be a symptom of various medical conditions, including obesity. When a person is obese, their body produces excess estrogen, which can lead to a decrease in testosterone levels. Testosterone is a hormone that plays a crucial role in the sex drive of both men and women.Additionally, obesity can lead to decreased self-esteem and body image issues, which can contribute to a decrease in sexual desire.
  9. snooring: besity is a common risk factor for snoring, as excess body fat can put pressure on the airway and obstruct breathing.
  10. High cholesterol: Obesity is a risk factor for high cholesterol, as excess body fat can lead to increased levels of LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, also known as “bad” cholesterol.

It’s important to note that not all people who are overweight or obese may experience these symptoms, and some people may not experience any symptoms at all. If you are concerned about your weight or experiencing health problems related to excess weight, it’s important to seek medical advice from a healthcare professional.


The main causes of obesity and overweight are a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors, including:

  1. Diet: A diet high in calories, saturated fats, and added sugars can contribute to weight gain and obesity.
  2. Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of physical activity or a sedentary lifestyle can lead to a reduction in energy expenditure and an increase in weight gain.
  3. Genetics: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to obesity or overweight.
  4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and Prader-Willi syndrome can contribute to obesity.
  5. Medications: Certain medications such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and corticosteroids can contribute to weight gain.
  6. Age: As people age, their metabolism slows down, and they may be less physically active, which can contribute to weight gain.
  7. Psychological factors: Emotional stress, depression, and anxiety can contribute to overeating and weight gain.
  8. Environmental factors: The environment in which people live can contribute to weight gain, including access to unhealthy foods, lack of physical activity options, and urbanization.
  9. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep or poor sleep quality can disrupt hormones that regulate hunger and metabolism, leading to weight gain.

It’s important to note that obesity and overweight can be caused by a combination of these factors, and that different people may be affected by different factors to varying degrees. A healthcare professional can help determine the underlying cause of obesity and develop a personalized treatment plan.

Treatment for Overweight & Obesity

Overweight and obesity can be treated through a combination of lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, and medical interventions. Here are some possible treatments for overweight and obesity:

  1. Lifestyle changes: This includes increasing physical activity levels, reducing sedentary behavior, and making healthier food choices. Exercise can help burn calories and improve overall health. Experts recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week for adults. Sedentary behavior should be limited by standing and walking regularly throughout the day.
  2. Dietary modifications: Eating a healthy and balanced diet with reduced calorie intake can help people lose weight. Reducing portion sizes, consuming more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein, and limiting high-fat, high-sugar, and high-calorie foods can help in the long run. Eating slowly, keeping track of what you eat, and avoiding late-night snacking can also be helpful.
  3. Medications: Certain medications can help with weight loss by suppressing appetite or blocking fat absorption. However, these medications should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.
  4. Surgery: In some cases, weight loss surgery may be recommended for people with severe obesity. There are different types of weight loss surgeries such as gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric banding. These surgeries can lead to significant weight loss, but they also come with risks and potential complications.
  5. Weight loss programs: Joining a weight loss program, such as Weight Watchers or Jenny Craig, can provide structure, support, and motivation to lose weight.
  6. Intermittent fasting: Intermittent fasting is a dietary approach where individuals alternate between periods of eating and periods of fasting. There are several different types of intermittent fasting, but the most popular ones are:
  1. Time-restricted feeding: This involves limiting the daily eating period to a specific time window, such as 8 hours. For example, an individual might choose to eat all their meals between 10 am and 6 pm, and fast for the remaining 16 hours.
  2. Alternate-day fasting: This involves alternating between days of unrestricted eating and days of severe calorie restriction or complete fasting.
  3. 5:2 diet: This involves eating normally for five days of the week and restricting calorie intake to 500-600 calories for the other two days.

Intermittent fasting has been shown to have several potential health benefits, including weight loss, improved insulin sensitivity, reduced inflammation, and improved brain function. However, it is important to note that intermittent fasting is not suitable for everyone, especially those with certain medical conditions, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and individuals with a history of eating disorders. It is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting any form of intermittent fasting.

It is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting any weight loss program or treatment plan. They can help create a personalized plan based on individual health status, medical history, and lifestyle.

Obesity is a problem that nearly every nation in the world is facing, but there is much that we can do to fix it.

Richard Attias

Obesity affects every aspect of a people’s lives, from health to relationships.
Jane Velez-Mitchell

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